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USDA Weekly Crop Progress
Thursday, October 12, 2017 8:35AM CDT
By DTN Staff

OMAHA (DTN) -- Corn and soybean harvest continued to slip further behind the average pace during the week ended Oct. 8, according to USDA's latest Crop Progress report issued Tuesday. The report was delayed from its normal Monday release due to the Columbus Day holiday.

USDA estimated that 82% of corn was mature as of Sunday, 5 points behind the five-year average. Harvest progressed to 22% complete, 15 percentage points behind the average pace of 37%. In last Monday's report, harvest was 9 points behind the average pace.

"Estimated harvest percent completed lost another 6 percentage points to average last week. If considered at all, these numbers would be viewed as neutral," said DTN Senior Analyst Darin Newsom.

Soybean harvest progress also fell further behind normal. USDA estimated that 36% of the crop was harvested as of Sunday, 7 percentage points behind the five-year average of 43%. In last Monday's report, soybean harvest lagged the average pace by 4 points.

"Estimated soybean harvest percent completed lost another 3 percentage points to average last week. If considered at all, these numbers would be viewed as neutral," Newsom said.

Meanwhile, USDA estimated winter wheat planting to be 48% complete as of Sunday, Oct. 8, 10 percentage points behind the average pace of 58%. Winter wheat emergence was estimated at 25%, 5 percentage points behind the average of 30%.

"If considered at all, these numbers would be viewed as neutral," Newsom said.

Sorghum was 35% harvested, behind the five-year average of 43%.

Cotton was 72% in the bolls opening stage and the crop was 25% harvested nationwide, ahead of the average of 19% harvested.

The following are highlights from weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states. To view the full reports from each state, visit http://www.nass.usda.gov/…

Colorado

Fieldwork and harvest activities were hindered again last week by wet conditions across much of the state. Corn dented is 97% with 99% the five-year average. Corn mature is 59% with 80% the five-year average. Corn harvested is 8% with 21% the five-year average. Corn silage harvested is 90% with 95% the five-year average. Corn crop condition is 12% very poor to poor 26% fair and 62% good to excellent. Sorghum turning color is 96% and 97% is the five-year average. Sorghum mature is 47% with 58% the five-year average. Sorghum harvested is 2% with 13% the five-year average. Sorghum crop condition is 15% very poor to poor, 19% fair and 66% good to excellent. Spring wheat harvested is 88% the five-year average at 97%. Winter wheat planted is 70% with 88% the five-year average. Winter wheat emerged is at 38% with the five-year average 49%.

Illinois

Warm temperatures aided harvest across the state. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Statewide, the average temperature was 68.8 degrees, 11.2 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.99 inch, 0.19 inch above normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 24% very short, 37% short and 39% adequate. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 27% very short, 40% short and 33% adequate. Corn mature was at 90%, compared to 99% last year. Corn harvest was 38% complete, compared to 52% for the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 4% very poor, 8% poor, 24% fair, 48% good and 16% excellent. Soybeans coloring was at 96%, compared to 97% for the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 90%, compared to 89% last year. Soybean harvest was 52% complete, compared to 36% last year. Soybean condition was rated 5% very poor, 8% poor, 24% fair, 50% good, and 13% excellent. Winter wheat planted was at 30%, compared to 18% last year.

Indiana

Light rain during the week slowed harvest progress. Harvest continued early in the week before several days of rain showers appeared midweek to slow progress. The statewide average temperature was 67.9 degrees, 10.7 degrees above normal. Statewide precipitation was 1.37 inches, above average by 0.57 inch. There were 4.7 days available for fieldwork, down 2.1 days from the previous week. Topsoil moisture is 8% very short, 31% short, 55% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 12% very short, 39% short, 49% adequate and 3% surplus. Corn mature is 82% with 88% the five-year average. Corn harvested for grain is 24% with 34% the five-year average. Corn harvested for silage is 95%. Corn crop condition is 16% very poor to poor, 28% fair and 56% good to excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves is 90% with 91% the five-year average. Soybeans harvested is 42% with 35% the five-year average. Soybeans crop condition is 14% very poor to poor, 31% fair and 55% good to excellent. Winter wheat planted is 28%, also the five-year average. Winter wheat emerged is 5% with 9% the five-year average.

Iowa

Rain throughout most of the week prevented Iowa farmers from spending much time in their fields last week. There were only 2.6 days suitable for fieldwork, the lowest this season since the last week in May. Topsoil moisture levels rated 9% very short, 16% short, 59% adequate and 16% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 16% very short, 23% short, 57% adequate and 4% surplus. Eighty-seven percent of corn had reached maturity or beyond, one week behind last year and two days behind the five-year average. Eight percent of the corn crop for grain has been harvested, over two weeks behind average. Moisture content of corn for grain being harvested averaged 22%. Corn condition remained at 60% good to excellent. Ninety-two percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, one day ahead of last year and four days ahead of average. Twenty-six percent of the soybean crop has been harvested, nearly a week behind average. Percent of soybeans harvested varies widely throughout the state, ranging from 9% in south-central to 47% in east-central Iowa. Soybean condition rated 62% good to excellent.

Kansas

Above-normal temperatures blanketed the state last week. Measurable rainfall was recorded in every county, with most counties receiving 1 inch or more. Row-crop harvest and wheat seeding were slowed by rains in many areas, but continued to progress. There were 2.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 3% very short, 13% short, 71% adequate and 13% surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 4% very short, 23% short, 69% adequate and 4% surplus. Winter wheat planted was 27%, well behind 55% last year and 59% for the five-year average. Emerged was 15%, behind 27% last year and 29% average. Corn condition rated 4% very poor, 11% poor, 29% fair, 43% good and 13% excellent. Corn mature was 88%, behind 95% last year and 94% average. Harvested was 46%, behind 60% last year and 61% average. Soybean condition rated 5% very poor, 14% poor, 35% fair, 41% good and 5% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 87%, ahead of 72% last year and 76% average. Harvested was 22%, ahead of 14% last year and near 21% average. Sorghum condition rated 2% very poor, 7% poor, 33% fair, 47% good and 11% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 96%, near 100% last year and 97% average. Mature was 60%, behind 77% last year, and near 64% average. Harvested was 9%, behind 28% last year and 22% average. Cotton condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 30% fair, 57% good and 11% excellent. Cotton bolls opening was 58%, behind 65% both last year and average. Harvested was 5%, near 6% last year and 4% average.

Michigan

There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan last week. Light-to-moderate showers occurred in certain pockets statewide, especially in the central and southern regions. Topsoil moisture is 19% very short, 41% short, 37% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 28% very short, 39% short, 30% adequate and 3% surplus. Corn dented is 94% with 97% the five-year average. Corn mature is 73%, also the five-year average. Corn harvested for grains is 12% with 13% the five-year average. Corn harvested for silage is 85%. Corn crop condition is 16% very poor to poor, 34% fair and 50% good to excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves is 93% with 91% the five-year average. Soybeans harvested is 51% with 29% the five-year average. Soybean crop condition is 17% very poor to poor, 39% fair and 44% good to excellent. Winter wheat planted is 62% with 45% the five-year average. Winter wheat emerged is 25% with 17% the five-year average.

Minnesota

Continued soggy field conditions further delayed soybean harvest, which was still lagging behind the five-year average pace, and hampered the corn for grain harvest last week. There were only 2.3 days suitable for fieldwork, the least number of days since the 1.7 days during the week ending April 30. Harvest continued for corn silage, dry beans, potatoes, and sugarbeets. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0% very short, 3% short, 69% adequate and 28% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2% very short, 6% short, 73% adequate and 19% surplus. Seventy-seven percent of the corn for grain crop had reached maturity, six days behind average. Corn harvested for silage was 83% complete, 10 days behind average. Corn condition dropped 1 percentage point to 80% good to excellent. Ninety-three percent of the soybean crop was dropping leaves, with 22% harvested. Soybean condition declined slightly to 69% good to excellent.

Missouri

Harvesting continues to progress despite rain in some areas. Statewide, the temperature averaged 70.2 degrees, 10.7 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 1.18 inches statewide, 0.35 inch above normal. There were 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 12% very short, 24% short, 61% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 11% very short, 35% short and 54% adequate. Corn mature reached 97%, up 8 percentage points from last week. Corn harvested for grain was 53% complete, compared to 65% for the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 65% good to excellent. Soybeans coloring reached 90%, compared to 89% for the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 69%, up 15 percentage points from last week. Soybean harvest was 22% complete, compared to 20% for the five-year average. Soybean condition was rated 64% good to excellent. Cotton with bolls opening reached 92%. Cotton harvest was 24% complete, compared to 20% for the five-year average. Cotton condition was rated 60% good to excellent. Rice harvest reached 79%. Sorghum harvested was 39% complete. Winter wheat planted reached 19%, compared to 20% for the five-year average. Winter wheat emerged reached 7%.

Nebraska

Temperatures averaged near normal across western Nebraska last week, but 4 to 8 degrees above normal in the east. Significant rainfall of an inch or more was received across most of the state, while some northeastern counties received up to 4 inches. Substantial amounts of precipitation continued to limit harvest activities. There were 1.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2% very short, 7 short, 68 adequate and 23 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 64% good to excellent. Corn mature was 83%, behind 91% last year, and near 87% for the five-year average. Harvested was 13%, behind 22% last year and 29% average. Soybean condition rated 62% good to excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 96%, near 94% last year and 93% average. Harvested was 23%, behind 42% last year, and well behind 46% average. Winter wheat planted was 77%, behind 94% last year and 87% average. Emerged was 57%, behind 75% last year, but equal to average. Sorghum condition rated 75% good to excellent. Sorghum mature was 81%, behind 94% last year, and near 82% average. Harvested was 19%, behind 32% last year, and near 20% average. Alfalfa fourth cutting was 89% complete, ahead of 83% last year, and near 87% average.

North Dakota

Drier conditions allowed producers to make good progress harvesting late-season crops last week. Little to no rain was received across the state last week. The dry weather also allowed producers to do fall tillage work and spraying. Livestock producers continued to haul hay and chop corn for silage. Temperatures were variable as they averaged 2 to 6 degrees below normal in the west, while the east was 2 to 6 degrees above normal. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 25% short, 63% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 13% very short, 29% short, 55% adequate and 3% surplus. Corn condition rated 57% good to excellent. Corn dented was 97%, near 100% last year and 99% for the five-year average. Mature was 62%, well behind 88% last year and 82% average. Harvested was 4%, behind 9% last year and 19% average. Soybean condition rated 53% good to excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 97%, near 99% last year and 98% average. Harvested was 44%, well behind 70% last year and 64% average. Winter wheat planted was 80%, near 83% last year. Emerged was 56%, near 53% last year.

Ohio

Rain brought much-needed relief to dry areas but brought harvest to a standstill in Ohio last week. There were 4.9 days available for fieldwork for the week. Rains stopped most field activity, but soils were so dry it was absorbed with little or no runoff or standing water. Harvest was progressing well for soybeans and corn, but at a slow pace. Rain was favorable to winter wheat emergence, and some planting was done when the weather permitted. Average grain moisture for corn harvested was 20%, and soybean moisture was at 11%. The wet weather was very welcomed and improved soil and pasture conditions. Topsoil moisture was rated 5% very short, 31% short, 58% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 6% very short, 33% short, 58% adequate and 2% surplus. Corn mature was rated 74% complete compared to the 79% for the five-year average. Corn harvested was for grain was rated 13%, up from 8% last week. Soybeans dropping leaves was rated 91%, up from 80% last week. Soybeans harvested was rated 45%, up from 24% last week. Winter wheat planted reached 43%, compared to 18% last week. Winter wheat emerged reached 11%. Corn was rated 62% good to excellent. Soybeans were rated 58% good to excellent.

Oklahoma

Rainfall totals averaged 1.8 inches throughout the state last week, with the northeast district recording the highest precipitation at 3.42 inches and the southwest district recording the lowest at 0.57 inch. Drought conditions continued to be apparent in the east-central, south-central and southeast districts of the state. Statewide, temperatures averaged in the low 70s. Topsoil moisture was rated 2% very short, 9% short, 70% adequate and 19% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 2% very short, 13% short, 70% adequate and 15% surplus. Winter wheat planted reached 42%, down 20 points from normal. Winter wheat emerged reached 15%, down 15 points from normal. Canola planted reached 55%, down 17 points from normal. Rye planted reached 55%, down 20 points from normal. Oats planted reached 10%, down 13 points from normal. Corn mature reached 94%, down 3 points from normal. Corn harvested reached 53%, down 20 points from normal. Sorghum harvested reached 36%, down 10 points from normal. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 53%, up 23 points from normal. Soybeans harvested reached 13%, unchanged from normal. Cotton harvested reached 3%, unchanged from normal.

South Dakota

Corn and soybean harvest progress remained behind last year and average following another wet week across much of the eastern part of South Dakota last week. Rainfall amounts varied considerably with the heaviest precipitation totals occurring in extreme southeastern South Dakota. Producers were able to resume harvesting late in the week in some central and northeast counties, where rainfall amounts were less. There were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 16% very short, 20% short, 58% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 24% very short, 24% short, 50% adequate and 2% surplus. Corn mature was 72%, behind 87% for the five-year average. Corn harvested was 6%, well behind 29% average. Soybeans dropping leaves was 97%, equal to average. Soybeans harvested was 22%, well behind 59% average. Winter wheat planted was 78%, near 79% average, and emerged was 50%, ahead of 34% average. Sorghum mature was 51%, well behind 79% average, and harvested was 3%, also well behind 32% average.

Texas

Temperatures as low as 40 degrees in the Northern High Plains resulted from the first strong cold front of the season. Precipitation in the Northern Plains ranged from 2 to 4 inches. The Lower Valley, east Texas, south-central Texas and the Blacklands received from 0.5 inch up to 2 inches of rain. There were 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 5% very short, 13% short, 61% adequate and 21% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 7% very short, 13% short, 61% adequate and 19% surplus. Corn was 91% mature, ahead of the average of 88%, and 76% of corn was harvested, ahead of the average pace of 73%. Cotton was 27% harvested, ahead of the average of 19%. Sorghum was 74% harvested, ahead of the average of 70%. Soybeans were 89% dropping leaves, ahead of the average of 86%, and 66% of soybeans were harvested, ahead of the average of 63%. Winter wheat was 54% planted, slightly ahead of the average of 52%, and 30% of the crop was emerged, also ahead of the average of 27%. Oats were 40% planted, equal to the average pace.

Wisconsin

Widespread rains slowed fieldwork across the state last week, but aided in replenishing soil moisture levels. Reporters commented that recent dry weather had pushed grain moisture levels down, even though the state had not yet experienced a killing frost. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 3% very short, 18% short, 74% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 4% very short, 16% short, 75% adequate and 5% surplus. Fifty-eight percent of corn was reported mature, eight days behind the average. Corn harvested for grain was 5% complete, 12 days behind the average. The moisture content of corn harvested for grain was reported at 29%. Eighty-six percent of the soybeans were reported dropping leaves, one day behind the average. Soybean harvest was reported at 32% complete, one day behind the average. Sixty-four percent of Wisconsin's winter wheat acres were planted, six days ahead of last year. Winter wheat emerged was reported at 37% complete, five days ahead of last year.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Year
Week Week Year Avg.
Corn Mature 82 68 92 87
Corn Harvested 22 17 33 37
Soybeans Dropping Leaves 89 80 90 87
Soybeans Harvested 36 22 41 43
Winter Wheat Planted 48 36 57 58
Winter Wheat Emerged 25 12 32 30
Cotton Bolls Opening 72 67 79 78
Cotton Harvested 25 17 21 19
Sorghum Coloring 97 94 99 97
Sorghum Mature 69 60 80 73
Sorghum Harvested 35 34 47 43
Rice Harvested 85 77 88 80

National Crop Condition Summary
(VP=Very Poor; P=Poor; F=Fair; G=Good; E=Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Corn 3 8 25 49 15 3 9 25 49 14 2 6 19 53 20
Soybeans 3 9 27 49 12 3 9 28 48 12 2 5 19 54 20
Sorghum 2 6 28 52 12 2 6 28 52 12 1 5 29 51 14
Cotton 8 7 25 42 18 7 9 27 42 15 4 12 36 39 9

Please send comments to talk@dtn.com

(AG)


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